Introduction to Geoscience

Course Code: OG21

Course Objective

  •  introduce professionals from disciplines other than the Geosciences to the key concepts and principles of Geology, Geophysics, and Petrophysics as applied to the Oil & Gas industry today.
  • Emphasis is placed on the business applications of the particular discipline, using case histories and examples/exercises as appropriate.
  • Introduction to Petrophysics
  • Introduction to Geophysics
  • Introduction to Petrophysics

 

Target Audience

  • Business professionals in the Oil & Gas Industry, who wish to understand the principles of the main Geoscience disciplines, and their applications in todays E&P industry.
  • The course is also appropriate for junior levels in non-geoscience disciplines.

 

Course Outline

Day 1

  • GEOLOGY
  • Introduction : The Reservoir Lifecycle - Exploration - History of Petroleum - World Energy, Reserves & Economics.
  • Geology in General : Geological principles - Earth structure and plate tectonics - Geological time - Major rock types.
  • The Petroleum System : Elements - Processes of hydrocarbon generation - Source and reservoir rocks - Traps and seals, definition & types - Timing - components of a prospect
  • Depositional Systems : Sedimentary rock types - Clastic systems (eolian, fluvial, deltaic, marine) - Carbonate systems (reefs, platforms, ramps) - Differences and recovery efficiency
  • Structural Geology : Structural style and stress fields - Folds and faults - Unconformities and Salt - Fracture systems.

Day 2

  • GEOLOGY
  • Pore Systems : Characterizing the pore system - Clastic and Carbonate porosity and permeability - Diagenesis - Clay types and distributions.
  • Geological Mapping and Correlation : Geological maps - Contouring concepts - Structural and stratigraphic cross-sections - Correlation - Mapping terminology
  • Geological Modeling : Building a static reservoir model - Input datatypes - Reservoir heterogeneity and scale - Modeling Techniques - Using Seismic Data in Modeling
  • Unconventional Resources : Shale as a source - Unconventional Gas and Oil - History, Definitions, Economics
  • The Business of Geology : Exploration programs - The petroleum play - Reserves and risk - Development economics

Day 3

  • GEOPHYSICS
  • Introduction : Seismic industry and market - Geophysical methods - Influence of seismic on reservoir value - What concerns us about seismic
  • Basic Principles : The seismic method - Seismic records (shot, gather, stack) - Acquisition & processing - Seismic waves and velocities
  • Marine Seismic Acquisition : Marine acquisition equipment - Sources and receivers - Steering and positioning - Ocean-bottom seismic
  • Land Seismic Acquisition : Land acquisition equipment - Sources and receivers - Land survey planning - New technologies
  • Data Processing and Imaging : Signal and noise - Multiples and regularization - Velocity modeling - Imaging and migration

Day 4

  • GEOPHYSICS
  • Seismic Interpretation : 2D versus 3D - Structure and faults - Mapping and stratigraphy - Time-lapse seismic (4D) - Seismic attributes and uses
  • Borehole Seismic : Concept & acquisition - VSP methods - Merging with surface seismic - Correlating with wireline logs
  • Life of Field Seismic : Contribution to improved recovery - Exploration, Appraisal, Production examples - Reservoir management
  • Seismic Proof of Value : Case Histories
  • PETROPHYSICS
  • Introduction : History - Modern logging - Key determinations
  • Basics of Logging : The wireline method - Resolution - Tool conveyance methods - Logging while drilling
  • Logging Tools and Measurements : Lithology tools - Resistivity tools - Porosity tools

Day 5

  • PETROPHYSICS
  • Reservoir Parameters : Lithology - Porosity and permeability - Resistivity and invasion - Shale volume and effect
  • Log Interpretation : Interpretation workflow - Determination of reservoir interval - Shale corrections - Calculation of porosity and fluid saturation - Crossplot methods
  • Mud Logging : Logging equipment & principle - Cuttings sample description - The mud log - Pore pressure and "d" exponent
  • Coring and Core Analysis : Coring methods (whole and sidewall) - Wellsite core handling - Standard Core analysis - Core-log integration
  • Geomechanics : Impact in the oilfield lifecycle - Mechanical earth model - Wellbore stability and fracturing.


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Date & Location

Date : 07 April 2019

Duration : 5 days

Place : Kuala Lumpur

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